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Nysa (Sultanhisar)
The city of Nysa is situated in a very romantic setting. The city was divided by a torrential stream running through a gorge, but partly built upon impressive vaulted substructures that bridged the gorge. This included an ampitheatre and an underground passage for the waters. There was a gymnasium below this spanning the gorge.  Nysa was probably founded by Antiochos I , Soter, in the first half of the 3rd century B.C..

Much of the site lies undisturbed, lying within olive orchards, and is difficult to appreciate what this splendid city must have looked like. It is likely that you will be almost alone if you visit!
Stadium The stadium was 44m wide and 192m long. It was built across the gorge and this has subsequently collapsed into the gorge. The engineering that this invloved must have been hugely impressive. All that can now be seen are the  remains are some of the seating at the northern end of the structure. The first span of one of the Roman bridges that crossed the gorge is also still evident. This can be seen (left) and the stadium remains lie amongst the trees.

This well preserved and conspicuos structure is of Roman Imperial origins. It is being restored. The orchestra is 27m wide. Below the portable scene of the theatre there was a large basin that could be filled with water and used in spectacles representing sea fights. In front of the theatre was a large square of ceremonial character supported by imposing substructures. The modern road over this then runs across the Roman bridge under which lies a tunnel. This is 150m long, supported by barrel vaulting, and channels the water from the gorge. ampitheatre
Theatre Theatre steps

Ampithetre frieze

Library           Library
This is Roman in date. It lies about 150m to the north of the gymnasium  that is barely evident amongst the olive trees. It is a two storeyed structure and is the next best preserved library in Turkey after the Celsus library in Ephesus. The central reading hall had niches along its walls where manuscripts in the form of scrolls or volumes were kept, most likely in cupboards. It had similar columnar structures to Celsus library at the front .

Agora Agora

Capital This market place was suurrounded on all sides by colonnades. These were double on the east and south and were of Ionic order. The west and north were single colonnades of the Doric order.. The area was extensively altered and enlarged in Roman times.

Bouleuterion This is very well preserved and similar in structure to those at Aphrodisias and Ephesus. It dates from 2nd century A.D..Much of the masonry has been taken from earier structures. 

Bouleteurion Theatre